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Is your string of pearls plant dying? Do you need reliable information on string of pearls plant care? Not sure about how to propagate it? Well keep reading and you too can be successful in growing and propagating this elusive succulent plant.
String of Pearls, or Senecio rowleyanus, is a hot topic of discussion about houseplant owners. People that attempt to grow these plants fall into two categories.
The first category includes those that can grow this plant with ease. In fact, some sources rate these plants as easy to grow.
The second category includes those that fail miserably even after several attempts. Other sources rate these plants as very difficult to grow. There seems to be no middle ground.
And on top of that, there seems to be a lot of inadequate information online about how to care for these plants.
I’m very active on Instagram with my @ohiotropics account where I give houseplant care advice on a daily basis. I lost count of the number of times that people have reached out to me and mentioned that they have tried to grow string of pearls, but have failed.
In fact, some people have murdered several of these plants in rapid succession over the course of only a few months! What makes taking care of these plants so elusive?
Table of Contents
STRING OF PEARLS PLANT CARE & PROPAGATION
String of pearls are succulent plants, and if you meet certain requirements, they CAN be very easy to grow! Unfortunately, most sources will not tell you exactly what you need to do, so that’s my job.
1. They need a quickly draining soil that dries out quickly
All potting mixes are not created equal. For most of my succulents I use a prepackaged potting mix formulated specifically for cacti and succulents.
Many of the commercially available cactus/succulent mixes are not adequate, but you added some coarse pumice to make it amazing.
Don’t even think about growing string of pearls in anything but the most quickly draining potting mix that you can give it!
Recently, I’ve been experimenting with using pumice, which you can get on Amazon, and it is really fabulous. It will make the soil more chunky, more aerated, and very sharply draining.
Honestly, using the soil blend above with added pumice could make the difference between life or death for your pearls! If you haven’t tried it out, I’d strongly recommend doing so!
The goal is to create a potting mix that drains lightening fast and that dries out pretty quickly. String of pearls can easily rot if it stays wet for too long.
If you want a mix that you CAN use straight out of the bag and not have to bother with blending, I strongly recommend the String of Things soil mix from Oh Happy Plants. You will get 10% off every time if you use my link.
Oh Happy Plants makes amazing, sustainable, potting mixes for a wide variety of plants. I’ve used many of them and they are truly amazing!
2. String of Pearls need a smaller pot size
Have you ever had a string of pearls that was doing well and then you repotting it into a much larger pot, and it quickly died afterwards? Your pot was probably too big.
String of pearls have a pretty small root system and they really don’t need large pots.
If you plant them into a pot that is much larger than what they were in before, you run the risk of the plant rotting.
When the pot size is too big for the root ball of the plant, your potting mix will stay wet for too long and the plant will start to rot. Especially if the potting mix is not well drained.
String of pearls should need repotting on a very infrequent basis. You shouldn’t even consider repotting it unless you see roots coming out of the drainage holes. Take a look at how small the pot is for my string of pearls below.
3. String of Pearls Need Careful Attention to Watering
Those of you that follow me closely know how I like to water my plants. I thoroughly soak all my plants when I water.
However, if many other things are not in line (such as not having the correct pot size, correct soil blend, AND the correct light), your soil will not dry out quickly enough.
This causes many people to think that since the soil doesn’t dry out quickly enough, that they should let the soil dry out completely and then only add very small amounts of water when they water. I take a different approach.
You WANT to thoroughly soak the potting mix because this will develop a deeper root system. If you water shallowly, you will develop shallow roots and this is bad news for the plant.
However, you’ll need to have a few things in line before you can use this method of watering for this plant.
In order for these plants to be healthy, you need the soil to be thoroughly moistened when watered, but you also need the soil to dry out pretty quickly in between watering.
You can achieve this by using the potting mixes described above, using an appropriately sized pot, and having the plant in the correct lighting. This will ensure that the potting mix will dry out quickly enough and not cause rotting.
Also, this plant should NEVER sit in water for any period of time. If water has drained out into its saucer, be sure to discard the excess water.
Do not use a moisture meter. I’ve seen many people kill their plants with faulty moisture meters. Check out my post on the dangers of moisture meters if you need more convincing.
String of pearls needs bright light in order to do its best. They absolutely should be right in front of a window.
Depending on where you live, you can successfully grow these plants in front of an East, West or South window. They should be getting at least a little direct sun for best results.
If you don’t have sufficient natural light indoors from your windows, I’ve had success with growing this plant right under a grow light. This is especially important in my drab wintertime! It could mean the difference between life or death!
See my grow light recommendations in the next section.
With enough light, you will be lucky enough to get flowers. Although they are not terribly showy, they smell wonderful!
And remember, higher light means that your plant’s soil will dry out in a reasonable time, which I’ve already described is very important for these plants.
If you live in or near a desert, you may avoid having the plants too close to a West or South window. Otherwise, these plants do like a few hours of direct sunlight in most cases.
Grow Lights for String of Pearls
Unfortunately, I don’t have any really sunny windows that these plants love. This becomes especially important in the winter when it’s dark! I solved the issue by installing a grow light.
It made the differences between life or death for my pearls!
I had wonderful success with the Sansi 70W Full Spectrum LED Grow Light that I purchased from Amazon. I hung it from the ceiling and my pearls hung about a foot below the light.
If you have had a hard time growing these plants indoors because you don’t have the bright light that these plants need to THRIVE, invest in a Sansi 70W Full Spectrum LED Grow Light. It made ALL the difference for me.
You will be surprised how easy these are to grow once you have bright enough light!
Best of all, the Sansi 70W Grow Light provides white light. Not the ugly purple light that many LED lights emit! You won’t regret it!
In the winter, with reduced light comes reduced growth. And with reduced growth comes the need to water much less frequently. Let your String of Pearls dry out much more in the winter.
Keep an eye on the plant though so that the pearls aren’t shriveling or drying out. You don’t want to take it too far to the other extreme and have the plant too dry.
String of pearls is very easy to propagate and you can make new plants in no time. You can either try water propagation, and pot them up into soil after they have rooted, or plant them directly into the soil.
Sometimes you will get lucky, and you can already see some aerial roots growing on your plant, such as in the photo below. I kept this plant outdoors during the summer.
For water propagation, remove a few pearls off of one end of each cutting, and place that part of the strand in a vase with water. It should easily root.
There are two different methods you can try for soil propagation. The first is just placing a couple inches of each strand into the soil mix. Take few pearls off of one end of the strand, and bury that part into the soil.
The other soil method is just to coil up each strand and leave it on the surface of the soil.
You may want to take a large staple or a paper clip to anchor down the strand so that there is proper contact with the soil, but it’s not necessary. The soil should be kept relatively moist for the best rooting to occur.
I usually prefer water propagation because you can see the roots and you’ll know that it is growing. But in this case, I like this soil propagation method for string of pearls.
If your string of pearls plant is on its last leg and you only have a few strands left, chances are that it will not make it in its current condition and will continue to decline. At that point, the pot will likely be way too big for the surviving strands.
It is just best to cut your losses and take cuttings of the remaining strands if your plant is kicking the bucket. BUT AT THIS POINT, YOU SHOULD LEARN FROM YOUR FAILURE and realize what you did wrong and try not to repeat it again.
Once the strands are rooted, be sure to place them in a very small pot to start with. Remember, you want the pot to be thoroughly moistened when you water, but you want it to dry out quickly!
In order to achieve this, use the proper potting mix described in this post, give your plant enough light, and use relatively small pots.
Still Struggling With String of Pearls?
If you are still struggling with String of Pearls, you should check out a similar alternative. String of Bananas plant looks similar except has banana shaped leaves and is MUCH more forgiving and easier to grow.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Where do String of Pearls grow naturally?
String of Pearls is native to South Africa and grows primarily in a subtropical biome.
What is the scientific name for String of Pearls?
The botanical name for String of Pearls (also known by the common name, String of Beads) is Curio rowleyanus (previously classified as Senecio rowleyanus). It was named after the British botanist Gordon Rowley.
What is the best type of pot for String of Pearls?
These plants have shallow root systems so they would naturally prefer a more shallow pot. Avoid pots that are unusually tall. Unglazed clay pots (terracotta pots) are wonderful because they will dry out more quickly than other types of pots.
Because the trailing stems can get quite long and heavy over time, a heavier pot such as a clay pot or ceramic pot will be more stable and prevent your plant from falling off your plant shelf. If you have a hanging basket, any pot material will be fine.
Are String of Pearls cat friendly?
According to the ASPCA, String of Pearls is considered toxic and can cause an upset stomach, vomiting, and lethargy in your cat if it is ingested. However, you can grow your plant in a hanging planter to keep it out of reach from your feline friend.
Why are there aerial roots on my String of Pearls?
In its natural habitat, this plant will grow as a ground cover. As the trailing stems grow and touch the soil, the aerial roots on the stems will grow into the soil and form a dense mat.
Why is my String of Pearls shriveling?
If your leaves are shriveling and wrinkled, it probably means that your plant needs to be watered. Keep in mind that you should let your soil go dry, but don’t wait too long otherwise your plant will suffer.
Long periods of dry soil will cause shriveling and then the lower leaves will turn brown and fall off.
Can you put String of Pearls outside?
Absolutely, but you need to acclimate your plant to the brighter light. When moving your plant from indoors to outdoors, place it initially in FULL SHADE.
After a few days, give it a little bit of morning sun (1-2 hours). Then after a few more days, you can give it all morning sun. Then it can even take more sun, but half a day of direct sun outside is plenty.
If you move your plant immediately into full sun outside after it has been growing indoors, your plant will experience sun scorch quickly, often in a matter of hours.
The plant will turn white, like it has been bleached out. Light intensity indoors is much less than it is outdoors, so care from me taken to slowly acclimate your plant to higher light.
Why did my String of Pearls get root rot?
If you are not growing your plant in the right conditions, a common issue that is experienced is root rot. Here are some things to consider:
- Indoors, these plants require as much light as possible. Do not place your plant far from a window. It should be immediately in front of a window that has at least 3-4 hours or more of direct sun.
- Your plant has been sitting in soggy soil resulting from a poor drainage (no drainage hole). If you have your plant growing in not enough light, it will also take your soil much longer to dry out.
- Your soil is not drying out enough. Many people recommend a cactus soil mix for this plant, but even these mixes don’t drain too well on their own. This is why I like to mix pumice into my mixes. Or if you would like a mix that you CAN use straight out of the bag, check out the String of Things soil blend from Oh Happy Plants. If you use my link you will automatically receive 10% off! This is the best soil by far that you can use straight out of the package and not have to mix anything into it!
- You placed your plant in a pot that is much too big. The excess volume of soil will take a lot longer to dry out. When you repot, only go up one pot size. If you have your plant in a 4-inch diameter pot,
When is the best time to repot String of Pearls?
The best time to repot your plant is at the beginning of the growing season when your plant starts back up into new growth.
Avoid repotting in the winter months when your plant has stopped growing or isn’t growing much.
Early spring through early summer is a great time to repot your plants.
Hopefully you’ve learned something new in this post to help you grow String of Pearls once and for all!
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