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Beginner’s Guide to Growing Oxalis Triangularis

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Since I have so many houseplants, I resisted getting any new ones for a while even though I’ve always admired Oxalis triangularis, or the Purple Shamrock Plant. One day I was shopping for my summer annual plants at a nursery, and they had a display of these plants and I told myself that I would just grow them as annuals.

Who am I kidding? These plants flourished in a pot outdoors, but then I firmly decided to bring it back indoors to enjoy as a houseplant! Do you want to know how to grow Oxalis triangularis indoors, or even outdoors? Keep reading and I will fill you in on all the details!

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock plant

Oxalis Triangularis Basic Information

Before I get into the care of potted Oxalis triangularis, here is some interesting information that would be good to know. (If you don’t care you can move onto the next section but I promise this is interesting information!)

You’ll sometimes see this plant called “False Shamrock.” Why is it a “false” shamrock you may ask? If you are familiar with clover, you’ll know that the leaves strongly resemble clover which is in the Trifolium genus. “False Shamrock” plant actually belongs to the Oxalis genus.

These plants are native to a few countries in South America, including Brazil, but did you know that Oxalis triangularis is actually hardy in zones 6-11?

I’ve never tried growing these as a perennial, but know that it can be possible depending on where you live! If you live in a marginally hardy zone for this plant, be sure not to miss my Pushing Your Hardiness Zone blog post to ensure your chances of success!

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock

One intriguing part of this plant is its ability to close its leaves (and flowers) at night and open them back up during the day, making it the subject of some wonderful time-lapse videos.

This phenomenon is called photonasty behavior. Funny word right? Check out the cool video on Wikipedia where you can see the Oxalis triangularis photonasty behavior. (I chuckle every time I see the word photonasty).

Oxalis triangularis actually grow from tubers and these plants do have a dormancy period, so if you think your plant is suddenly dying, you are probably OK so keep reading and you’ll know what to do!

Lastly, the leaves are edible, so you can sprinkle some of the beautiful leaves as garnish if you’d like…but don’t eat too much because they contain a lot of oxalic acid.

Oxalic means sour, and it is sour because of the high oxalic acid content. A little won’t hurt you at all, but too much will deter your body from absorbing calcium.

Just don’t go eating full salads of these plants. A little garnish will do no harm though 🙂

These plants are incredibly long lived and there have been reports of families having these plants for over 100 years. Talk about heirloom houseplants!

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock

HOW DO YOU CARE FOR AN OXALIS PLANT INDOORS?

Let me go through some basic care information, and I will later describe how to plant the corms if you chose to purchase corms instead.

LIGHT

Light is a very important topic so pay attention. Indoors, you’ll want to give these plants some direct sun. Depending on where you live and how strong the sun and light is, you may want to give this plant at least half a day’s sun.

Is your Oxalis triangularis leggy or sparse? If it is, chances are that it is not receiving enough light. Move your plant to a sunnier location, and it will respond by producing lusher growth and turn into a fuller plant. You should have this plant right in front of a window for best results.

A few words about taking your plant outdoors. Although these plant do like some direct sun, please be careful when you place any of your houseplant outdoors. You can NOT move a plant that has been indoors immediately outdoors into direct sun.

If you do this, your plants will burn. Even the ones that like a lot of sun. To make the transition from indoors to outdoors safely, you’ll need to make sure to harden your plants off.

oxalis-triangularis

This means that you will gradually acclimate your plants to brighter outdoor conditions so that the leaves don’t burn. If you’d like to know more information on how to do this, please read my blog post on how to harden off indoor plants and place them outdoors safely.

You will be glad you read this. I’d had so many people tell me that taking plants outdoors is really bad because they burn and die. This is because those plants were not hardened off.

So be sure to not skip this step and read that blog post I referenced above!

WATERING

This plant likes slightly moist conditions, but do allow the top inch or two (2.5-5cm), depending on the size of your pot, to dry out before watering again.

Avoid letting these go totally dry especially for long period of time or you may induce a dormancy period. The dormancy period will occur anyway, but more about that later!

Avoid keeping these constantly wet indoors though may cause the corms to rot, and then you can say bye bye to your Oxalis. A good rule of thumb for most plants is to let the top part of the soil dry out before thinking about watering again. It is always better to err on the side of drier soil than wet soil. It’s all about a balance!

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock

FERTILIZING

During active growth, I like to fertilize dilutely with every watering. My favorite fertilize that I’ve switched to for pretty much all my houseplants is Dyna-Gro Grow.

I add 1/4 teaspoon of Dyna-Gro Grow (which I purchase off of Amazon) per gallon of water and use it just about every time I water all my plants.

I love using it because it is urea-free and it contains ALL of the macro and micro nutrients that plants need. If you pick only one fertilizer to use for your indoor plants, you can use this one for all of them and with great results! I’ve been so happy with the results I’ve been able to achieve with this fertilizer.

TEMPERATURE

These plants do prefer temperatures on the cooler end. So temperatures in the 60-75F range (16-24C) are ideal. Consistent temperatures of over 80F (27C) can cause the plant to shut down and start to go dormant.

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock

I like to bring my plant outdoors in the Spring once temperatures are warm enough. I keep my plant outside until about October or even November. At that point, I place it in a cool, dark place and stop watering. This will force it into dormancy.

Over the next few weeks, it will go into dormancy and all the leaves will dry up. Keep an eye on it because it may start to come into growth again after a few weeks. If you notice it start to grow again, immediately place it in front of a window so it can resume growing.

Here is my plant after it started growing back after dormancy:

oxalis-triangularis-dormancy

If you don’t notice any growth yet after about 4-6 weeks or so, don’t worry. Clean up the dead leaves, place it in front of a bright window, and starting watering and watch for signs of new growth.

With good conditions indoors, it grows remarkably fast.

Why is My Oxalis Dying?

If your Oxalis triangularis starts to look a little rough, despite nothing changing in its care, it may simply be entering its dormancy period on its own.

It is not dying, so you should not worry! Think of it as a chance to rejuvenate your plant. The dormancy period is normal so you’ll just have to get used to it.

Sometime after the main growing season each year, your Oxalis may start to look a little droopy. The leaves may stop opening up during the daytime.

At this point, it is time to give your triangularis a rest. I would recommend to stop watering at this point and let the leaves completely dry up. Then cut the leaves off and place it in a cool, dark location (above freezing) and let it rest for 3-4 weeks, or even up to 6 weeks. Do not water during this time period.

At the end of the dormancy period, bring your plant out of hibernation and back to a sunny indoor window, and start watering lightly. When you see signs of growth, you can water a bit more. Until you see new growth though, don’t add too much water.

Keep it on the drier side until growth starts to pick up, but don’t ignore watering.

Or if you’d like to make more plants, this is also a good time to divide the tubers and make as many new pots as you’d like. After the dormancy period, you can divide your tubers to your liking.

Or if you’d just like a specimen plant, keep things as is, or maybe pot it up to the next larger pot size.

HOW TO GROW OXALIS TRIANGULARIS FROM CORMS

If you don’t obtain an actual plant, you can simply order corms and pot them up to grow your own plants. It is very simple, convenient, and easy to do!

I actually purchased my own plant in the annuals section of a nursery, so I started out with a plant in a 4 inch pot:

You can buy Oxalis triangularis corms from Amazon and have them shipped to your home. The corms look like little pinecones and it is great fun to plant and watch the whole growing process!

Simply pot up your tubers about 1 to 1 1/2 inches (2.5 to 4cm) apart and also 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep. Don’t space your tubers too far apart otherwise you won’t have a full plant.

Plant the tubers vertically with the narrower end at the bottom. They will still grow regardless, but this is what I prefer doing.

Water lightly and place in a sunny window. You should have new growth within about 2 weeks or so. These are great plants for the impatient gardener because they do grow pretty quickly and it is fun to watch the progress!

oxalis triangularis purple shamrock

OXALIS TOXICITY

Oxalis is toxic to cats and dogs because of calcium oxalate according to the ASPCA.

That’s about it folks! I hope you’ve enjoyed this blog post and that you’ve taken some useful tips. Do you have any Oxalis triangularis? Comment below! I love to hear from my readers.

Please do me a favor and share this post to social media because it will help me spread the Ohio Tropics houseplant care tips to the masses! Also, check out my shop on Amazon for all your houseplant care needs:

OHIO TROPICS PLANT CARE STOREFRONT

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Tiara

Sunday 11th of April 2021

Hi and thanks for the wealth of information! I'm curious about how long you should wait (if at all) to fertilize after repotting corms? It's been about a month and they've newly sprouted up a majority of what is filling the pot now. Thanks! :)

Raffaele

Monday 12th of April 2021

You're very welcome Tiara! You can go and fertilize now for sure! In the past I've even mixed in some Osmocote (time release fertilizer granules) right into the mix upon planting the corms.

Nikki Ramos

Wednesday 7th of April 2021

Hi! I love your site. I learned a lot from you. And i subscribed to your YT channel too. I wanted to know why is my oxalis is drooping and the leaves is still close even in daytime. My friend gave it to me, then i repot from a plastic pot to clay pot. Its only have 3 stems anyway. Can u help me?

Raffaele

Wednesday 7th of April 2021

Glad you enjoy my site :-). Has the soil gone really dry? You have to be careful of terra cotta pots since they dry out extremely quickly (especially small ones). Oxalis don't like to go completely dry and will droop pretty quickly when that happens. Is this the case from what you've seen? Hope this helps.

Ed

Sunday 4th of April 2021

Thanks for your help. I bought some oxalis corms and did not know which end was up. Now I know the small end goes down. I figured it would not make much difference. I left my first oxalis in the perennial garden to overwinter and they survived here in southern New York. Have a good year.

Raffaele

Monday 5th of April 2021

Glad you found it helpful! You can also lay them on the side if you're not sure. They will grow :-)

P Hansen

Sunday 4th of April 2021

Hi thank you, the info is very helpful. My purple Shamrock is going to be very happy from here on out.

Raffaele

Monday 5th of April 2021

I'm glad you enjoyed the post :-)

Faye

Wednesday 31st of March 2021

A very informative site, Thank you :-) I am super excited to get mine going!! I am messaging actually to let you know that because the plant is high in Calcium Oxalates, people with Medullary Sponge Kidney Disease should not consume the leaves even though they are edible in small amounts. I have this disease and stay away from foods with Calcium Oxalates! Thank you again for your Wonderful site, I have learned so much :-)

Raffaele

Wednesday 31st of March 2021

Hi Faye! I'm so happy that you enjoy my site! Thank you for the tip, and I'm sure it will be helpful for others too :-)