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You may not believe me right away, but orchid care is very easy! If you’re wondering “why won’t my orchid bloom,” then you’ve come to the right place.
The truth is, Phalaenopsis orchids (moth orchids) are not hard to grow, and you just need to be aware of their basic needs and be consistent with your approach to care.
You can’t just plop your plant in your home and ignore it and expect it to flourish.
There are numerous reasons why your moth orchid won’t bloom. Here is a list that should help you get your moth orchid to rebloom.
Why Isn’t My Orchid Blooming?
The number 1 reason why your Phalaenopsis orchid isn’t blooming is light. Moth orchids are considered among the “low light” orchids, but they still need sufficient light to bloom!
I want you to walk over to your orchid and look at the color of the leaves. Is it a deep, dark green? If so, your plant probably isn’t getting enough light. Move it to a brighter location.
I keep my Phalaenopsis orchids directly in front of Eastern-exposure windows.
And by directly in front, I mean within 1-2 feet of the window. You can’t expect plants to flourish, especially flowering plants, if they are too far from any window.
The morning sun is great for them, but just be careful not to expose your Phals to too much sun.
You know that your moth orchid is on the high end of it’s light tolerance if you start to see that the edges of the leaves are reddish in color. That’s OK, but your plant is warning you not to get any brighter.
There is one exception that I make when it comes to light. When my moth orchid is in bloom, I move it to various areas in the house purely for display, even if I normally wouldn’t place it there for normal growth.
What’s the point if I can’t enjoy my plant while it is in bloom?
After the plant is done blooming (which could be months!), I’ll return the plant back to its window so it can continue growing.
How to Water Orchids
Walk over and visit your orchid again. How do the roots look? Are they dry and shriveled up?
If so, you’re probably keeping your orchid much too dry.
Some orchids such as cattleya have pseudobulbs which store water and this makes them more drought tolerant.
Moth orchids don’t have pseudobulbs to store water so you need to be more attentive to the watering. They simply don’t like to dry out completely.
Healthy orchid roots should be plump and look greenish, white or silver.
If they’re shriveled like your grandmother’s neck, or wrinkly but still firm, your plant needs more water.
If the roots are mushy and stringy, you’ve probably overwatered your orchid and caused the roots to rot.
And PLEASE whatever you do, do NOT water your orchid with ice! I don’t care what the label says. Moth orchids originate in the jungles of southeast Asia.
There are monkeys in those jungles. Have you ever seen a monkey with a popsicle? I think not. So don’t give your orchids ice to water them. This is just asinine!
I feel so strongly against this that I wrote a blog post on why you shouldn’t water your orchids with ice. Please read it when you’re done reading this post!
Don’t let your orchid pot dry out completely, if you can help it, but at the same time, don’t let your plant sit in water at any time. You need to strike a balance in between!
Orchids need perfect drainage. In nature, they grow on trees. They are often exposed to rain and deliciously humid jungle air, but they have perfect drainage.
They’re never sitting in water. If you slip your orchid into a decorative pot with no hole, that is fine.
Just make sure that when you water your plant, that it has fully drained into the sink before you slip it back into the decorative pot. I do this all the time.
When to Fertilize Orchids
When I ask people if they fertilize their orchid, I normally get a sheepish “no.”
Well, hell! Every plant needs nutrients to survive, so go get some fertilizer! I’ve used a couple different fertilizers with good results, and are available on Amazon.
My fertilizer of choice for all of my plants is Dyna Gro Grow. I use it on almost all my plants, including my orchids. It is an amazing general purpose fertilizers. All my plants are growing beautifully!
Whatever you do, please fertilize. A good rule of thumb is “weekly, weakly.” Moth orchids don’t need a ton of fertilizer, but a very dilute application weekly for most of the year except during the middle of winter if your plant has stopped growing.
If you let your plant get too dry, water it with plain water first, and then apply a solution of fertilizer. This is so you don’t shock your plant.
And please use room temperature or warm water when you water your orchids. Never cold water.
Temperature for Orchids
Moth orchids are tropical plants and need warm temperatures, so if you are comfortable in a room inside your house, your orchid probably is too.
If you have a stubborn orchid, something that often triggers bloom is a temperature gradient between day and night.
Often times, if you expose your orchid to night temperatures that are 15F (or more) cooler at night versus the day, this may kick-start your orchid into bloom.
Just be sure to keep your plant above a minimum night-time temperature of around 50F or above.
A Summer Outdoors
Summering your orchid outdoors does miracles for your plant, whether it is an orchid or any other houseplant that you have. I can’t emphasize this enough!
I’ve written a whole blog post on this topic so click HERE to read. Just be sure to keep it protected from the sun and place it in a shady area.
If you live in an area with cold winters like I do, wait until the night time temperatures are consistently 50F (10C) or above before placing your orchid outside.
For my region of the Earth, this normally happens around mid-May or so, but I always keep my eye on the weather report and adjust accordingly.
Summer your plants outside whenever possible. Let them reap the benefits of the air circulation, rainwater, and humidity.
Leave your orchid outside all summer until the night time temperatures threaten to go below 50F (10C) and bring your plant back inside at that time.
A few words of caution though if you summer your plants outdoors.
Make sure that your orchids are not sitting in water. If you have it slipped in a decorative pot with no drainage hole, you may need to remove it and place it into another pot with a drainage hole.
Otherwise, after a rainfall, you will constantly have to go and drain the pot.
Keep your plants in a protected area from the wind. You don’t want your plants thrashed around and damaged.
Be especially careful when you first move your plant outside to keep it protected from any sun.
The intensity of the sun outside is different that the sun coming through your windows into your home. Your plant will burn outside, so it needs a period of hardening off in complete shade.
Ideally, put it in complete shade, especially when you first bring them outdoors.
Need More Help With Your Orchids?
If you have more serious woes with your orchid plants, other than just not blooming, you may want to check out Help My Orchid Is Dying!
In this blog post, I describe many possibly problems that you might be having with your orchids and how you can fix them.
If you want the most complete, quick and easy to understand guide on orchid care, please check out my Moth Orchid Mastery.
In under an hour, you will be equipped with everything you need to easily grow these elusive plants! From light, watering, repotting, fertilizing, what to do after your plant is done blooming, and more!