Skip to Content

Monstera Deliciosa Care: 5 Crucial Things You Need to Know

Share this post!

Some of the links in this post may be affiliate links.

Monstera deliciosa care is easier than you think! This post is the ultimate guide on growing Monstera deliciosa, and I will also show you some remarkable tips and tricks on repotting Monstera as well so that you can be the best plant parent that you can be!

monstera deliciosa care

This plant was once popular a few decades ago, and it is back with a vengeance! Monstera deliciosa is one of the trendiest houseplants that you can grow these days.

Not only are they a striking houseplant, but they are also very easy to grow and a fantastic beginner plant! Anyone can grow a Monstera!

Keep reading to find out exactly how to care for Monstera deliciosa, and also learn about repotting Monstera.

I will also show you how to provide a very sturdy support so your Monstera can climb securely! Forget about the moss posts. I have a much easier and more effective solution.

About Monstera Deliciosa

There are so many common names for this plant: Swiss Cheese Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, and even Split Leaf Philodendron. Common names are enormously confusing and I always refer to this plant by its botanical name (genus + species), Monstera deliciosa.

You may be wondering about the botanical name Monstera deliciosa. The genus, Monstera, literally refers to the “monstrous” proportions that this plant takes on in the wild.

The species name, deliciosa, refers to its edible fruit that it commonly produces in the wild. Indoors, you may never see this, but know that it does produce an edible fruit!

These plants hail from tropical regions in the south of Mexico and also parts of Central America and are found growing at the base of trees. They will climb and attach to tree trunks via the aerial roots that they produce.

Monstera Deliciosa Care

1. LIGHT

As you can imagine by how this plant grows in the wild, as described above, it prefers filtered light, or bright indirect light. I grow mine in a large Eastern exposure window so it received plenty of light, including morning sun which is gentle on the plant.

It can tolerate much darker conditions, but your growth won’t be as spectacular. After all, plants need light to photosynthesize!

You’ll want to avoid too much direct sun however, especially the harsher afternoon sun.

If you live in areas that typically have a lot of strong sun, you’ll want to shield your Monstera deliciosa so that it doesn’t receive too much direct sun.

2. WATERING and FERTILIZING

Monstera deliciosa is pretty forgiving when it comes to watering. Just like most plants, I like to let the top part of the soil dry out before watering again.

Depending on the size of the pot, I’ll let the top inch or two completely dry out before I water again. Just use your finger to test the soil moisture.

Mine is growing in a 14 inch pot, so I’ll let the top 2 inches, roughly, dry out before I even think about watering.

Keep in mind that larger pots may take longer to dry out than much smaller pots, so don’t water by your calendar.

Use your finger as your guide! If your Monstera is in a smaller pot, let at least the top inch of the soil dry out before watering again.

Avoid extremes in watering. Never let this plant sit in water otherwise it can easily rot. On the other hand, try not and let the potting mix completely dry out if you can help it. Find a happy medium!

As far as fertilizing goes, I fertilize my Monstera deliciosa year round except for the winter months.

I sometimes rotate and change fertilizers, but I’m currently using Dyna-Gro Grow for most of my leafy houseplants and I don’t think I’ll ever switch again. This is an AMAZING fertilizer and I stock up on it from Amazon.

I like to fertilize dilutely with every watering. That way my plants receive constant nutrients, similar to how they would grow in nature, and I don’t have to remember the last time I applied fertilizer!

Want to buy your very own Monstera deliciosa plant? You can purchase one easily from Amazon! It is one of the most gratifying and rewarding houseplants in my collection!

3. LEAF PROGRESSION

One of the most rewarding parts of growing Monstera deliciosa is watching the plant evolve from its juvenile leaves, to the more mature adult leaves. Young plants have leaves that are completely solid and that have no slits or holes.

As Monstera deliciosa ages, the new leaves will have more and more fenestrations (holes) and slits among the leaves.

Take a look at the following progression of leaves from my own plant:

4. Repotting

For some general repotting tips, and knowing when to repot your plant, check out my blog post on repotting.

This post contains many critical aspects of repotting, so be sure to read up after you’re done reading this Monstera post.

As I mentioned earlier, Monstera deliciosa is a climbing plant in nature, so you’ll want to add some support, and the perfect time to do this is when you repot your plant!

This way, you will minimize the damage to any roots. Although if you are careful, you can really add support at any time.

After you take your plant out of the pot, be sure to loosen up the root ball a bit. Only choose a pot that is 1 or 2 sizes bigger than the current pot. And always use a pot with drainage holes!

I like to cover the drainage hole with a broken pot shard. Water can freely make its way out, while keeping soil in the pot.

When you repot, this is the perfect time to add a support so that your plant can start climbing! As the vines grow, you can loosely tie them to the posts.

Take a look at the bamboo tee-pee that I created below.

I simply purchased some bamboo stakes online from Amazon, and put three of them in the pot at the time of repotting. I like to have extras on hand because I also use them in my garden.

Then I simply took some garden twine and tied the top up. It is a very stable structure, and you don’t have to deal with a wobbly moss post!

As far as potting media for Monstera deliciosa goes, I like to use a good potting mix, such as Miracle Gro Indoor Potting Mix but I also like to mix in some #3 size perlite. Use about 1 part of the perlite to 2 parts, or even 3 parts, of the potting soil.

This will give you a nice airy potting soil that this plant loves!

5. Propagating Monstera Deliciosa

Who wouldn’t want more of a good thing? If you want to propagate your Monstera deliciosa, it is very easy to do.

There are a couple of different ways that I will describe to propagate your Monstera deliciosa.

If you are impatient and don’t want to spend too much time, you can simply just cut a vine and place it in water. Not just any old vine though. You’ll want to choose a vine where you see an aerial root.

Then simply just cut below where the aerial root is, near where my finger is in the photo below.

Then simply place this cutting in water. The aerial root will quickly grow in water and it you’ll be able to pot it up in no time at all.

The other method that you can use to propagate your Monstera deliciosa is by air layering. You’ll want to air layer in the exact same spot that I described above (where my finger is in the photo).

The benefit of doing this is that your vine will be much less stressed (versus just cutting it completely off the plant).

You can check out my blog post on air layering houseplants where you can read exactly how to do it! You can do it exactly as described in that post.

Or, alternatively, as long as you choose a vine where you can wrap the sphagnum moss around an existing aerial root, you don’t even have to cut into the vine like I mention in the air layering post.

Simply proceed without cutting because the aerial root will start growing almost immediately.

Other than that one detail, you can follow all the rest of the instructions. Then once it is ready, you can simply cut the vine under where you air layered and pot up your new plant!

Be sure to get everything you need to help your Monstera deliciosa thrive. To summarize, these are the products I talked about in the blog post so you can grow your own gigantic Monstera deliciosa. (Pretty soon, mine will overtake the living room…)

Use 2 or 3 parts Miracle Gro Potting Mix to 1 part #3 perlite. This provides a beautifully airy potting mix that these plants just love.

Dyna-Gro Grow is just simply one of the best fertilizers around. Use it regularly on you Monstera deliciosa plant and ALL of your tropicals!

And don’t forget the bamboo stakes to make your tee-pee with. Monsteras need support as they grow.

Also, this is only ONE type of Monstera! There are many other Monstera species. I also grow Monstera adansonii and Monstera siltepecana and I’m in love with those too!

I hope you have enjoyed this post on how to care for your Monstera deliciosa.

If you have been struggling with growing this plant, check out my related post that will answer your burning questions: Monstera Problems: 11 Frustrating Problems and Solutions.

If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments below and thanks for reading!

Please do me a favor and share this post to social media because it will help me spread the Ohio Tropics houseplant care tips to the masses! Also, check out my shop on Amazon for all your houseplant care needs:

OHIO TROPICS PLANT CARE STOREFRONT

leaving plants for 2 weeks
Previous
Watering Houseplants While Away on Vacation
getting amaryllis to bloom
Next
Amaryllis Secrets: What to do with Amaryllis after Blooming

Share this post!

margaret brenner

Wednesday 25th of March 2020

Hey!

Thank you so much for all this information! So helpful! I am in the midst of needing to repot my plant to add bamboo sticks and give it some more room. My monstera is about the same size as the one you show in the picture above in the black pot. What size pot is that and do you have any recommendations for where to order one for now? All gardening stores are closed so I'm having to look online which is hard. Thanks!

Raffaele

Friday 27th of March 2020

Hi Margaret! You can purchase from many places. I just added Monstera deliciosa to my Amazon shop if you'd like to purchase it through there: https://www.amazon.com/shop/ohiotropics?listId=1L1W4C6FNCNV2&ref=cm_sw_em_r_inf_list_own_ohiotropics_dp_0yjOnbcDy8QlR

Otherwise, you can also google it! Hope this helps.

Claire

Tuesday 17th of March 2020

I have had a monstera deliciosa for a few months it was healthy and sprouted off a new leaf. However in the meantime I got a kitten 🤦🏼‍♀️ And it has trashed every single one of the 4 leaves my dear plant has. At the same time it decided the lovely soil was great as a potty. I have since put largish pebbles in the soil which has stopped the toilet-going. However, being new to this home-making story, I’m not sure if the pebbles are a good idea for the plant and I don’t know what to do about the sheared leaves. I have had the pebbles in for a month or 2 now and the plant is still alive 🤷🏼‍♀️

Raffaele

Tuesday 17th of March 2020

Hi Claire, sorry to hear about your plant! There isn't much you can really do for the shredded leaves. Maybe leave them on until the plant grows more leaves, and then you can maybe cut the bad leaves off if it is really unsightly. If they don't bother you too much, leave them on as long as you can. As far as the pebbles go, I would just say that it just becomes a little more difficult to monitor the soil moisture. Just be aware of that. Every so often, make sure you feel the soil underneath the pebbles and check if you need to water. Hope this helps!

Krysten

Thursday 13th of February 2020

Thank you for sharing your knowledge! My question is do monsteras only ever grow one new leaf at a time? Mine is a couple of years old, but only has 5 leaves as every time it grows a new leaf the oldest one turns yellow and dies. I brought it as an established plant.

Raffaele

Sunday 16th of February 2020

Hi Krysten! Depending on the number of vines that it has in one pot, it can grow more than one leaf at a time. If you only have one vine, it really only grows one at a time. The oldest leaf turning yellow can be normal, but if it is happening every single time, it indicates to me to check your cultural conditions. Light, watering methods, dryness of soil, etc.

Janita

Friday 10th of January 2020

Hey Raffaello! Thank you for the great blog. Cheers from Finland :) I just got a new monstera plant just to notice it had a very bad root rot. So I needed to cut all the leaves off one by one and placed them in water. None of them had aerial roots. Soon they started to turn yellow and the cutting point went brown and mushy. I think I lost them all. Is there a chance to succesfully propagate without an aerial root? I also have the same issue in my figus tree leaves that have accidentally fallen off. I tried to propagate them in water but all of the turned yellow and died. What do I do wrong? Can you help me, please?

Raffaele

Sunday 19th of January 2020

Hi Janita! For Monstera, you will need to make sure that you have at least one node. This is where the leaf and petiole (the long "stem" that the leaf is attached too) attach onto the vine itself. The roots will grow from this spot. And this is where you'll also see the aerial roots growing. If you don't have a node, a new plant will not grow. Same thing with the Ficus. You need to have a node. You can't just cut off the leaf. It may even root but won't produce a viable plant unless you have a node. If you send me photos I will be able to tell you if your Monstera has a chance.

Cassidy Dawson-Tobich

Saturday 4th of January 2020

Ah I’m so grateful for this post, thanks for sharing !

I just brought one off a lady and the plant is already 4 years old and around 1.2 meters tall, but no support pole. I wanted to put a support pole in but do I have to wait until re-potting to put it in? Or is there a way to insert it without damaging the roots?

If I need to wait for re-potting, when do you know a good time to do the re-potting?

And also do you recommend doing a moss pole, or does bamboo poles work just as well?

Raffaele

Sunday 5th of January 2020

Hi Cassidy! I'm glad you enjoyed the post! You can really do either way...if you put in a post now and it breaks a couple roots, it's no big deal. However, if the plant needs to be repotted, I would wait until later winter/early Spring. This is a great time to repot because the plant should be starting to wake up and grow more. You can use a variety of posts. The important part is to have one that is stable and not wobbling around. That's why I like my bamboo tripod. Just make sure you get really sturdy ones. Hope this helps.