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Monstera Deliciosa Care: 5 Crucial Things You Need to Know

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Monstera deliciosa care is easier than you think! This post is the ultimate guide on growing Monstera deliciosa, and I will also show you some remarkable tips and tricks on repotting Monstera as well so that you can be the best plant parent that you can be!

monstera deliciosa care

This plant was once popular a few decades ago, and it is back with a vengeance! Monstera deliciosa is one of the trendiest houseplants that you can grow these days.

Not only are they a striking houseplant, but they are also very easy to grow and a fantastic beginner plant! Anyone can grow a Monstera!

Keep reading to find out exactly how to care for Monstera deliciosa, and also learn about repotting Monstera.

I will also show you how to provide a very sturdy support so your Monstera can climb securely! Forget about the moss posts. I have a much easier and more effective solution.

About Monstera Deliciosa

There are so many common names for this plant: Swiss Cheese Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, and even Split Leaf Philodendron. Common names are enormously confusing and I always refer to this plant by its botanical name (genus + species), Monstera deliciosa.

You may be wondering about the botanical name Monstera deliciosa. The genus, Monstera, literally refers to the “monstrous” proportions that this plant takes on in the wild.

The species name, deliciosa, refers to its edible fruit that it commonly produces in the wild. Indoors, you may never see this, but know that it does produce an edible fruit!

These plants hail from tropical regions in the south of Mexico and also parts of Central America and are found growing at the base of trees. They will climb and attach to tree trunks via the aerial roots that they produce.

Monstera Deliciosa Care

1. LIGHT

As you can imagine by how this plant grows in the wild, as described above, it prefers filtered light, or bright indirect light. I grow mine in a large Eastern exposure window so it received plenty of light, including morning sun which is gentle on the plant.

It can tolerate much darker conditions, but your growth won’t be as spectacular. After all, plants need light to photosynthesize!

You’ll want to avoid too much direct sun however, especially the harsher afternoon sun.

If you live in areas that typically have a lot of strong sun, you’ll want to shield your Monstera deliciosa so that it doesn’t receive too much direct sun.

2. WATERING and FERTILIZING

Monstera deliciosa is pretty forgiving when it comes to watering. Just like most plants, I like to let the top part of the soil dry out before watering again.

Depending on the size of the pot, I’ll let the top inch or two completely dry out before I water again. Just use your finger to test the soil moisture.

Mine is growing in a 14 inch pot, so I’ll let the top 2 inches, roughly, dry out before I even think about watering.

Keep in mind that larger pots may take longer to dry out than much smaller pots, so don’t water by your calendar.

Use your finger as your guide! If your Monstera is in a smaller pot, let at least the top inch of the soil dry out before watering again.

Avoid extremes in watering. Never let this plant sit in water otherwise it can easily rot. On the other hand, try not and let the potting mix completely dry out if you can help it. Find a happy medium!

As far as fertilizing goes, I fertilize my Monstera deliciosa year round except for the winter months.

I sometimes rotate and change fertilizers, but I’m currently using Dyna-Gro Grow for most of my leafy houseplants and I don’t think I’ll ever switch again. This is an AMAZING fertilizer and I stock up on it from Amazon.

I like to fertilize dilutely with every watering. That way my plants receive constant nutrients, similar to how they would grow in nature, and I don’t have to remember the last time I applied fertilizer!

Want to buy your very own Monstera deliciosa plant? You can purchase one easily from Amazon! It is one of the most gratifying and rewarding houseplants in my collection!

3. LEAF PROGRESSION

One of the most rewarding parts of growing Monstera deliciosa is watching the plant evolve from its juvenile leaves, to the more mature adult leaves. Young plants have leaves that are completely solid and that have no slits or holes.

As Monstera deliciosa ages, the new leaves will have more and more fenestrations (holes) and slits among the leaves.

Take a look at the following progression of leaves from my own plant:

4. Repotting

For some general repotting tips, and knowing when to repot your plant, check out my blog post on repotting.

This post contains many critical aspects of repotting, so be sure to read up after you’re done reading this Monstera post.

As I mentioned earlier, Monstera deliciosa is a climbing plant in nature, so you’ll want to add some support, and the perfect time to do this is when you repot your plant!

This way, you will minimize the damage to any roots. Although if you are careful, you can really add support at any time.

After you take your plant out of the pot, be sure to loosen up the root ball a bit. Only choose a pot that is 1 or 2 sizes bigger than the current pot. And always use a pot with drainage holes!

I like to cover the drainage hole with a broken pot shard. Water can freely make its way out, while keeping soil in the pot.

When you repot, this is the perfect time to add a support so that your plant can start climbing! As the vines grow, you can loosely tie them to the posts.

Take a look at the bamboo tee-pee that I created below.

I simply purchased some bamboo stakes online from Amazon, and put three of them in the pot at the time of repotting. I like to have extras on hand because I also use them in my garden.

Then I simply took some garden twine and tied the top up. It is a very stable structure!

You can also add a moss post when you repot. I wrote a printable, detailed how-to blog post that shows how you can make your own moss post! It’s way better than anything you would buy pre-made and much better quality.

As far as potting media for Monstera deliciosa goes, I like to use a good potting mix, such as Miracle Gro Indoor Potting Mix but I also like to mix in some #3 size perlite. Use about 1 part of the perlite to 2 parts, or even 3 parts, of the potting soil.

This will give you a nice airy potting soil that this plant loves!

5. Propagating Monstera Deliciosa

Who wouldn’t want more of a good thing? If you want to propagate your Monstera deliciosa, it is very easy to do.

There are a couple of different ways that I will describe to propagate your Monstera deliciosa.

If you are impatient and don’t want to spend too much time, you can simply just cut a vine and place it in water. Not just any old vine though. You’ll want to choose a vine where you see an aerial root.

Then simply just cut below where the aerial root is, near where my finger is in the photo below.

Then simply place this cutting in water. The aerial root will quickly grow in water and it you’ll be able to pot it up in no time at all.

The other method that you can use to propagate your Monstera deliciosa is by air layering. You’ll want to air layer in the exact same spot that I described above (where my finger is in the photo).

The benefit of doing this is that your vine will be much less stressed (versus just cutting it completely off the plant).

You can check out my blog post on air layering houseplants where you can read exactly how to do it! You can do it exactly as described in that post.

Or, alternatively, as long as you choose a vine where you can wrap the sphagnum moss around an existing aerial root, you don’t even have to cut into the vine like I mention in the air layering post.

Simply proceed without cutting because the aerial root will start growing almost immediately.

Other than that one detail, you can follow all the rest of the instructions. Then once it is ready, you can simply cut the vine under where you air layered and pot up your new plant!

Be sure to get everything you need to help your Monstera deliciosa thrive. To summarize, these are the products I talked about in the blog post so you can grow your own gigantic Monstera deliciosa. (Pretty soon, mine will overtake the living room…)

Use 2 or 3 parts Miracle Gro Potting Mix to 1 part #3 perlite. This provides a beautifully airy potting mix that these plants just love.

Dyna-Gro Grow is just simply one of the best fertilizers around. Use it regularly on you Monstera deliciosa plant and ALL of your tropicals!

And don’t forget the bamboo stakes to make your tee-pee with. Monsteras need support as they grow.

Also, this is only ONE type of Monstera! There are many other Monstera species. I also grow Monstera adansonii and Monstera siltepecana and I’m in love with those too!

I hope you have enjoyed this post on how to care for your Monstera deliciosa.

If you have been struggling with growing this plant, check out my related post that will answer your burning questions: Monstera Problems: 11 Frustrating Problems and Solutions.

If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments below and thanks for reading!

Please do me a favor and share this post to social media because it will help me spread the Ohio Tropics houseplant care tips to the masses! Also, check out my shop on Amazon for all your houseplant care needs:

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Jenna

Wednesday 5th of August 2020

I just noticed dark spots on most of the older leaves on my juvenile monstera (only one leaf with a fenestration). I bought the plant almost 2 weeks ago, I'm not sure if the leaves had these markings before or not as I didn't do a thourough check of each leaf. It's not browning on the edges or isolated brown spots, it's all over the leaves that is present on. It almost looks like the leaf is patterened. The leaves look healthy, only one has some holes and yellowing towards the tip. I've tried to research what it could be but I haven't seen anything resembling my issue. I'm new to the house plant game, so I'm not sure if it is something normal or to be worried about. I've moved it away from my other plants just in case.

Raffaele

Friday 7th of August 2020

Hi Jenna! It sounds like it could potentially be a fungus. If you'd like, you can use my Contact form on my website to send me an email. When I reply, you can attach photos.

Gwen

Monday 3rd of August 2020

Why is my new leaf not standing upright ?

Raffaele

Tuesday 4th of August 2020

I would need to know your care details and see a photo. There could very well be nothing wrong it.

Sarah Smith

Saturday 25th of July 2020

Some leaves are going brown is that from too much watering? Or not enough sunlight?

Raffaele

Sunday 26th of July 2020

Brown leaves can be from a variety of things, but more often than not, it's due to improper watering. I'll refer you to another blog post that has common Q&A on monstera. It should help you! (https://www.ohiotropics.com/2020/02/28/monstera-problems-questions-answers/). Read through the post and you'll have to start observing your plant closer to determine the cause. In most cases of people that have brought this to my attention, they've allowed their soil to go dry for too long.

Moises

Saturday 27th of June 2020

Can I take my monsters out of soil and in to water ?

Raffaele

Sunday 28th of June 2020

I suppose you can yes, but curious as to why you would want to?

Mary

Wednesday 24th of June 2020

Hi! I just bought a juvenile monstera deliciosa and it looks like they put 3 separate plants in one pot. Would it be wise to separate them?

Raffaele

Wednesday 24th of June 2020

It's all personal preference! Mine is actually several vines in one pot. I like a fuller look. There is nothing wrong with having just one vine in a pot though if that's what you like!